73rd Republic Day
73rd Republic Day – Why do we celebrate 26 January as Republic day?

73rd Republic Day – Why do we celebrate 26 January as Republic day?

Republic Day


Republic Day

Why do we celebrate Republic Day on January 26th? This may be a question that many young minds in the country have. Well! We have finally arrived at the 73rd Republic Day this year. In this blog, we will delve into the history, significance, and celebration of Republic Day.

India, a country with the largest democracy in the world got independence on 15th August 1947. But, the country became a Republic on 26 January 1950, 73 years ago. The term Republic refers to a state where individuals enjoy supreme power, freedom and select their own representatives. Earlier, the country had no constitution. And, it depicts that the country had no power to give to its citizens. Then, the freedom was within some limits. 26th January 1950 or the first republic day is the auspicious day when people in India got the power or freedom to choose their own government. And, on the same day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was then nominated as India’s first president.

Republic Day celebration takes place in every village, town, and city with patriotism and fervour. The major celebration takes place in Delhi, at India Gate. The event starts with National flag hoisting by the Prime Minister, followed by a spectacular parade in New Delhi’s Rajpath. Indian National Army heads the parade, with flags raised in different parts of the country. Another speciality of this heroic day is, it was on 26th January 1965, Hindi has declared as the official language of India.

Significance of Republic Day or Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

Significance of Republic Day

After India earned independence from British rule, a drafting committee led by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar drafted a new constitution. On January 26, 1950, the Indian Constitution came into effect. And, our country became an independent nation. The date has chosen because the Indian National Congress issued the Pool Nathwa Large on this day in 1930, declaring India’s independence from colonial rule.

Republic Day symbolizes the right attitude of an independent individual in India. Important symbols of this day include military equipment, national flags, and exhibits of military equipment.

How does Republic Day get celebrated?

Republic Day is an auspicious day for every Indian to honour the Constitution of independent India. Hence, schools and colleges in various parts of the country conduct National flag hoisting ceremonies on this day every year. The whole nation promotes India’s struggle for freedom through cultural events.

Celebration in Delhi

The major celebration takes place in Delhi, at India Gate. The event get started when Prime Minister lay a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti. It is to remember soldiers who sacrificed their precious life for the country. It follows the 21 gun salute, unfurling of the National Flag, and singing of the National Anthem.

Then, the president of India hoists the flag at Rajpath. A colorful parade follows it showcasing the diversity of the country and military power. The Indian president, who is also the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces, is in charge of the country’s military strength. The parade also has a variety of tableaus depicting the vibrant cultures of many states, PSUs, and other ministries.

The Republic Day Parade

Flag hoisting and Parade

The Republic Day parade begins with winners of the Gallantry award saluting the president in an open military jeep. Brave soldiers receive awards in the form of Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, and Vir Chakra. Children and citizens who show courage during difficult times also receive Awards. Aside from that, every year on this day, cultural events take place at the state and district levels. It is customary for a foreign head of state to attend the R-Day Parade in the nation’s capital as the Chief Guest.

Further, everyone enjoys a demonstration of India’s military power. The President of India led the Army, Air Force, Navy, Police, and paramilitary forces in a salute of various regiments. The parade marches from Rashtrapathi Bhavan, Rajpath, to India Gate and from there to Red fort. The event also colonizes martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country. The celebration usually ends with impressive airshows by the Indian Forces.

Even the Celebration takes place nationwide, Delhi, the capital of India, hosts the largest celebration of Republic Day. The live webcast of the Republic Day Parade is available to millions of people who choose to follow the parade online. After the event, the exclusive film material gets released as “Video on Demand”. Although small, celebrations take place in all state capitals, with the governor raising the flag. The same celebrations take place at the district headquarters, sub-districts, Tarka and Panchayat.

Beating the Retreat

After all the celebrations are over, the Beating the Retreat will take place. After that, the Republic Day celebration will officially end. All important government buildings get decorated with sparkling lights every night from the 26th to the 29th. The Beating the Retreat Ceremony will take place on the night of January 29, three days after Republic Day. The drummer also performs a solo performance (known as the drummer’s call). The band marches and plays the popular Saare Jahan Se Achcha battle tune. The Republic Day celebration will end at 6 pm by lowering the national flag and singing the national anthem.



India is the world’s largest democratic country and has the world’s longest constitution, with 448 articles. It is the subject of the celebration and describes our rights to live independently. As a result, we celebrate this day, which is also a national holiday. People dress up, sing patriotic songs, create delicious meals, watch inspirational films, and celebrate Republic Day. Cultural programs including Republic Day speech, Patriotic Songs, Recitation, etc. are also held at schools and institutions all around the country.

Do you have any more thoughts about the Republic Day celebrations? Then please leave your useful comments in the space below!


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